Argonne has the tools to optimize and standardize additive manufacturing processes.
Worldwide research efforts in recent years have largely transformed additive manufacturing from a tool just for rapid prototyping to specialty part production. With additional material and process data, additive manufacturing stands ready to enter full production mode for everyday high volume products. additive manufacturing exhibits unique advantages over traditional cutting and milling techniques, including more efficient use of raw materials, less generation of hazard waste, less consumption of energy, shorter supply chain, reduced time to market, and the fabrication of products with extreme complexities.
Additive manufacturing also offers a new paradigm for engineering design and manufacturing through enabling unique macro-structural design of components, and through enabling micro/nano-structural design of the material.
Traditional manufacturing technology is constrained to bulk material properties. But since additive manufacturing forms a component layer-by-layer this technique can be used to build-in localized material properties, tailored for specific component applications.
Widespread adoption has been hindered by a lack of fundamental understanding of how precursor material and additive manufacturing process parameters affect the build product’s structural reliability and mechanical performance.
Measurement and characterization challenges for additive manufacturing are similar for metals, polymers and composite materials. To gain reproducibility of high-quality parts and optimization of material properties industry needs characterization of raw materials; an understanding of how material structure affects product attributes, such as how porosity decreases resistance to fatigue; in-situ real-time analysis of deposition specifications such as temperature, speed, and spacing.
The most accurate analysis of processes and material behaviors comes from 3D high-speed X-imaging and diffraction techniques. These can be combined with computer modeling to create predictive benchmarking of materials and processes as well as machine learning for real-time process control. Argonne has world-leading capabilities in these areas to accelerate industry benchmarking and adoption of additive manufacturing practices.
Put the Power of Argonne
Behind Your Innovation.
High-energy X-rays offer industry an affordable way to optimize cast iron
Analyzing Cast Iron Microstructures in Formation
Feb. 21, 2016
Taking a close look at metal 3d printing
Intense X-rays expose tiny flaws in 3-D printed titanium that can lead to breakage over time
March 4, 2016
Argonne National Laboratory
Cast iron alloys: Better analysis approach
Tribology and Lubrication Technology
Leverage Argonne’s Metal Additive Manufacturing Research
To help industry solve challenges with metal additive manufacturing, Argonne has a unique and world-leading collection of R&D tools.
Polymer and Composite Additive Manufacturing-Printed Materials
Additive manufacturing has advanced to enable the production of complex shaped materials using polymers, metals, ceramics, and composites.
Capabilities for R&D in Additive Manufacturing
Argonne’s core capabilities in material design, measurement and analysis span the pre-process, in-process, and post-process phases of metal additive manufacturing.